What is Turkish Tea,
How To Make Turkish Tea,
Benefits Of Turkish Tea,
Turkey situated at west ends of Asia and east ends of Europe, and only country in Europe tea grows. Turkish people start to drink coffee from 15th century, and Tea drinking habits started from 17h century. When we look back her history ofTea drinking , word “Cay” took important role, which took very long voyage from China, Mongolia ,Central Asian countries to Russia ,Georgia, Turkey through oldest road “Silk Road” and their drinking is quite similar in those countries. Tea plantation started in 1838, which they brought tea, seeds from Japan but due to technological, geographical conditions they could not be successful. During this period one ofJapanese Tea master visited Turkey and served Japanese Tea to Sultan.And this gave influence to coffee drinking people to change to tea drinking. Today,Turkish became heavy tea drinker, and tea is one main export item to Middle East, and Russian countries. Word “Cay” cannot neglect in the Turkish daily life.
In 1878 tea consumption began to spread through Istanbul as teahouses opened in Sultanahmet. Tea became a cheaper alternative to coffee; The nation’s founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Encouraged tea as an alternative to Turkish coffee, which had become too expensive, four glasses of tea could be purchased for the price of one cup of Turkish coffee.
The Rize Province on the eastern Black Sea coast was an idealy mild climate and fertile soil, so the Turks began to produce their own tea , named Rize tea. In 1924 the first tea plantations were set up in Rize.
Turkey is one of the most significant and unique countries in the world from the point of
view of tea plant Camellia sinensis. There are no agricultural pesticides in Turkish tea, as tea growers do not use pesticides. Turkish tea is natural and healthy. There are no additives or chemicals in Turkish tea. No additives or chemicals are used in either tea gardens or in the production process. Turkish tea does not contain much caffeine. It is based on research carried out is known as the healthiest tea in the world.
In Turkey coffee was main beverage till 1700,and in 1838 tea seed imported from Japan and planted but due to climatically and technical reason that was not successful. In 1917 tea trees are brought from Georgia and in 1924 they have succeeded plantation, in year 1938, finally 138 kilograms oftea was produced. 1947 first commercial tea factory installed and Turkey prohibited importation of coffee due to critical economic conditions, this switched their beverage from coffee to tea.
Turkish Tea Culture:
When you visit Turkey, you recognize Asian customs, such as ladies siting in Tea House (Kirrathhane or Cayhane), this is place where only man sitting, so ladies will take seat at cake house.
Whenever you visit Turkey, in any places you are asked “Would you like have tea or coffee?” In government office” special tea brewer serves tea, so difficult to reject offer, and obliged to drink at least 10-20 cups oftea in a day. In Grand Bazaar in Istanbul where nearly 4000 shops engaged in business and during negotiation tea takes important role on business negotiation. As I mentioned ladies are not allowed to sit in Tearoom, so they enjoy their tea in own house, In tea party they will discuss choosing
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Whether she can brew good tea, good cooker, cleanness of room, and conversations language. In the Black Sea coast, where tea cultivated, all work depends to housewives shoulder. When you visit Turkey as travellor or business talk, you are often offered te~ beside that In Istanbul has good tea houses such as Pierre Lotti is best place to drink nice tea with her wonderful scenery.
Turkish tea (tea) is ingrained in to Turkish culture; It is a social experience and a sign of hospitality and is offered as a sign of friendship.
Turkey is more known for its coffee than tea. Yet, Turkish people drink more tea than coffee. Fifty-two percent of their nonalcoholic beverage consumption is tea. Turkey tops the charts in per capita tea consumption (2.5 kg compared to the UK’s 2.1 kg in
2004).This high rate is due to the availability of places to consume tea, social practices and norms, and domestic production along the Black Sea coast. Turkey is the second largest tea market in the world (after India), with a total tea volume of about 180,000 tones in 2004. Indeed, tea is served anytime – for breakfast, before and after meals, and everywhere – offices, hospitals, buses, trains, cafes, restaurants, and homes. In the streets, one can see a çaycı (tea-waiter) making his continuous tea delivery rounds, carrying tea-filled tulip-shaped glasses on saucers with tiny teaspoons and cubes of sugar on a silver platter that hangs from silver chains (see Figure 1). In airports, representations of such “Turkish tea” welcome international guests who may well be served teabag teas in mugs in the upscale establishments of the airport. In many workplaces, there is often a person whose official duty is to make hot tea available to employees at all times. In many homes, çaydanlık (double teapot) is continuously boiling, so that some steaming hot tea is ready all the time. Our informants noted that tea drinking is “a natural part of daily life,” “any time is a good time for tea, and you can get tea everywhere, in all places.
BENEFITS OF BLACK TEA
Green and black tea are made from a shrub called Camellia Sinesis, but with different processing methods. In addition to the leaves being withered, rolled and heated, black tea leaves are fermented before the final heating process.
A Better Heart:
As identified by Arab L. et al. in their 2009 research paper called “ Green and black tea consumption and risk of stroke: a meta-analysis”, it is seen that regardless of people’s
country of origin, individuals who consume 3 or more cups of tea had a 21% lower risk of a stroke than people who consume less than 1 cup of green or black tea per day.
For years, research has suggested that tea drinking is associated with improved cardiovascular health. Research has associated tea drinking with a reduced risk for hypertension, stroke and hardening of the arteries. Other studies have shown that tea may help support healthy blood flow and circulation by improving blood vessel function and helping to control blood clotting. Recent clinical and population studies have reinforced evidence of tea’s heart health benefits.
Though a lot more research is required to confidently suggest cancer prevention techniques, some research over the years suggests that antioxidants like polyphenol and catechins in tea may help prevent some types of cancer. It has been suggested that women who drink black tea regularly have a lower chance of ovarian cancer than their counterparts.
More than 3,000 published studies exist that evaluate the role that tea and tea compounds, such as epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), may play in various types of cancer. The research suggests that tea may help reduce cancer risk in a number of different ways.
- Reducing free radical and DNA damage
- Inhibiting uncontrolled cell growth (cell proliferation) by promoting programmed cell death (apoptosis)
- Boosting the immune system to help fend off the development and promotion of cancer cells. A population-based study from Sweden found that women who drank two or more cups of green or black tea per day had a 46 percent reduced risk of ovarian cancer compared with non–tea drinkers.
- Researchers found that tea drinkers had approximately a 42 percent reduced risk of colon cancer compared with non–tea drinkers. Men who drank more than 1.5 cups of tea per day were found to have a 70 percent lower colon cancer risk.
Black tea contains polyphenols, which are also antioxidants that help block DNA damage associated with tobacco or other toxic chemicals. These antioxidants are different from those obtained from fruits and vegetables and therefore as a regular part of our diet they can provide additional benefits towards a healthy lifestyle.
Lower Risk of Diabetes:
Based on a research study conducted of elderly people living in the Mediterranean islands it was discovered that people that had been consuming black tea on a long-term basis on a moderate level (i.e 1-2 cups a day) had a 70% lower chance of having or developing type 2 diabetes.
Better Immune System:
Black tea contains alkylamine antigens that help boost our immune response. In addition it also contains tannins that have the ability to fight viruses and hence keep us protected from influenza, stomach flu and other such commonly found viruses in our everyday lives.
Unlike other drinks that have a relatively higher caffeine content, the low amounts found in tea can help enhance blood flow to the brain without over-stimulating the heart. It also stimulates the metabolism and respiratory system, as well as the heart and the kidneys.
We all are aware and well experienced about the calming and relaxing benefits of black tea. Not only does it help slow you down after a long day, studies show that the amino acid L-theanine found in black tea can help you relax and concentrate better. Black tea has also been shown to reduce levels of the stress hormone cortisol when consumed in moderate amounts on a regular basis.
If a perfect cup of tea makes you smile and lets your heart indulge a little, then what could possibly be the harm?
Drinking black tea may also inhibit or reduce iron absorption in your intestines, which is especially serious for people with anemia. Iron is needed to form hemoglobin, which carries oxygen in your blood. The Linus Pauling Institute reports that drinking one cup of
black tea with a meal can decrease your body’s absorption of iron by up to 70 percent. Black tea may also have estrogen-like effects in your body, which has negative implications for hormone-dependent tumors of the breasts or prostate gland. The acidity and astringency of black tea, due mainly to the tannins, may upset your stomach and lead to diarrhea. Furthermore, oxalates in black tea can accumulate within the kidneys and contribute to the formation of kidney stones if you drink too much on a regular basis. In a less-serious vein, black tea consumption discolors teeth and may make you self-conscious about smiling.
Making tea, Turkish Style:
The following recipe is how my girlfriend’s mother, who is a real Turkish momma, has been making tea for decades. If you are looking for an original recipe, this is it.
– Fill the bottom part of the teapot completely with water.
– Put two big tablespoons of tea in the top part, add just enough water to make the tea wet.
– Stack the two parts into one another, put the teapot on the stove and bring it to a boil.
– When the water is boiling, transfer it to the upper kettle until filled. Stack the two parts back together and put them back on the stove.
– The tea is ready when it is dark brown, fragrant, and the tea leaves have moved to the bottom of the kettle.
Fill into glasses, add more water from the lower part if necessary, sweeten to taste, and enjoy!